jueves, febrero 16, 2006

Habilidades que deben tener los estudiantes para el siglo 21


Después de ver las habilidades tecnológicas que se esperaría tuvieran los profesores, ahora toca a los estudiantes.

Según The Partnership for 21st Century Skills, organización dedicada a investigar estrategias para desarrollar las habilidades idóneas en la educación, las habilidades que deberían desarrollar los estudiantes, se resumen en cuatro conceptos básicos:

1.- Toma de conciencia global. Los estudiantes necesitan un profundo entendimiento del pensamiento, motivaciones y actos de las diferentes culturas y países, que permitan de manera exitosa conducirse y responder a comunidades y mercados laborales que se extiendan más allá de su entorno cercano.

2.- Compromiso social o activismo cívico. Deben desarrollar actitudes que les permitan entender y analizar, pero además participar en gobierno y comunidad, ambas, global y localmente, esto para modelar las circunstancias que impactan su vida diaria.

3.- Alfabetización económica, financiera y de negocios. Deben poseer conocimientos sobre las demandas de la gente y entender sobre procesos de negocios, espíritu empresarial, y las principales fuerzas que conducen la economía hoy en día.

4.- Habilidades para el aprendizaje. Necesidad de que los estudiantes piensen críticamente, analicen información, comprenda nuevas ideas, se comuniquen fácilmente, colaboren, resuelvan problemas, y tomen decisiones. Se reconoce que la tecnología es esencial para alcanzar estas habilidades para el aprendizaje en la actual economía del conocimiento.

A continuación los cuatro conceptos básicos un poco más desarrollados:

GLOBAL AWARENESS
• Using 21st century skills to understand and address global issues
• Learning from and working collaboratively with individuals representing diverse
cultures, religions and lifestyles in a spirit of mutual respect and open dialogue in personal, work and community contexts
• Promoting the study of non-English language as a tool for understanding other nations and cultures
FINANCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND BUSINESS LITERACY
• Knowing how to make appropriate personal economic choices
• Understanding the role of the economy and the role of business in the economy
• Applying appropriate 21st century skills to function as a productive contributor within an organizational setting
• Integrating oneself within and adapting continually to our nation’s evolving economic and business environment
CIVIC LITERACY
• Being an informed citizen to participate effectively in government
• Exercising the rights and obligations of citizenship at local, state, national and global levels
• Understanding the local and global implications of civic decisions
• Applying 21st century skills to make intelligent choices as a citizen
THINKING, PROBLEM-SOLVING, INTERPERSONAL AND SELF-DIRECTIONAL
LEARNING SKILLS
• Critical thinking and systems thinking. Exercising sound reasoning in understanding and making complex choices, understanding the interconnections among systems.
•Problem identification, formulation and solution. Ability to frame, analyze and solve problems.
Creativity and intellectual curiosity. Developing, implementing and communicating new ideas to others, staying open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives.
•Interpersonal and collaborative skills. Demonstrating teamwork and leadership; adapting to varied roles and responsibilities; working productively with others; exercising empathy; respecting diverse perspectives.
• Self-direction. Monitoring one’s own understanding and learning needs, locating appropriate resources, transferring learning from one domain to another.
• Accountability and adaptability. Exercising personal responsibility and flexibility in personal, workplace and community contexts; setting and meeting high standards and goals for one’s self and others; tolerating ambiguity.
• Social responsibility. Acting responsibly with the interests of the larger community in mind; demonstrating ethical behavior in personal, workplace and community contexts.
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) LEARNING SKILLS
• Information and media literacy skills. Analyzing, accessing, managing, integrating, evaluating and creating information in a variety of forms and media.
Understanding the role of media in society.
• Communication skills. Understanding, managing and creating effective oral, written and multimedia communication in a variety of forms and contexts.
• Interpersonal and self-direction skills. Becoming more productive in accomplishing tasks and developing interest in improving own skills.

El documento completo en ingles viene aqui

Comments:
I have been looking for sites like this for a long time. Thank you! » »
 
Publicar un comentario



<< Home

This page is powered by Blogger. Isn't yours?